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Apa itu Right-Handed Noun Phrase ?

Posted by ade nugraha on 7:00:00 PM 0 comments

Right-Handed noun phrase adalah frasa kata benda dimana kata benda tersebut diletakkan di awal rangkaian lalu diikuti oleh penjelas (modifier). Cara menterjemahkan noun phrase dengan pola ini dimulai dari kata benda itu sendiri (yang paling kiri) dilanjutkan dengan dengan kata-kata yang berada di sebelah kanannya.

Mari kita simak noun phrase dan pola berikut ini :

1. Noun + Prepositional phrase
Cara menterjemahkannya dengan yang harus di- atau untuk di-

Books to read
(Buku-buku yang harus dibaca)

Experience to learn
(Pengalaman untuk dipelajari)

2. Noun + Participle
Dengan pola ini bila kata benda diikuti Verb-ing maka cara menterjemahkannya dengan me- atau yang me-. Sedangkan untuk kata benda yang diikuti verb 3 cara menterjemahkannya dengan ter-, yang ter-, di- atau yang di-

People applying for immigration program should be able to speak a mother tongue at that place
(Orang-orang yang mengajukan program immigrasi ini harus bisa berbahasa bahasa daerah setempat)

Not many people invited came to the party
(Tidak banyak orang yang diundang datang ke pesta)


3. Noun + Adjektive
Cara menerjemahkannya dengan mensisipkan kata yang diantara kata benda dan sifat

The beverage available
(Minuman yang tersedia)

Something irresponsible
(Sesuatu yang tidak bertanggung jawab)


4. Noun + Adverb
Cara menterjemahkannya tanpa adanya penambahan apapun atau pengurangan kata tertentu

The house nearby
(Rumah-rumah ditempat sekitar)

Sources alike
(Sumber-sumber sejenis)

5. Noun + Noun
Phrase dengan pola ini biasanya modifier selalu mendapat awalan the: Noun + the Noun. Cara menterjemarkannya mendapat awalan kata yang

God the Almighty
(Tuhan yang maha kuasa)
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Smoke from a Spectacular Jets

Posted by ade nugraha on 2:10:00 AM 0 comments

Enjoy the picture




















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Hordes Cloud

Posted by ade nugraha on 2:05:00 AM 0 comments





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Alien's Hole

Posted by ade nugraha on 1:53:00 AM 0 comments

That nice cloud make a hole at the center. Created by the wind around. This picture i took when going to Bogor from Jakarta


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Country of Buffalo

Posted by ade nugraha on 12:52:00 AM 0 comments

Do you like buffalo?

or you like to travel to places where the wild?

or you like to play and soak in the mud as a child?
If yes, you should check my fotos below 
 
I took this photo when going to the archaeological heritage Arca Domas at Buitenzorg while passing them being herded. when I passed the smell of mud from the buffalo's body because they like to soak in the mud to cool their body temperature



Another place that i found them being relaxation





The hordes of buffalo I found when we got lost on a way to a shortcut for Tangerang






Another place that i found them near a way from my village to buitenzorg











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History of Surabaya

Posted by ade nugraha on 1:17:00 AM 0 comments



History of Surabaya
(A Story  Telling)

Ones upon time, in the wide coast often occurred between a Sura shark and a crocodile. They fighting just for eaten. Both of them is strong, dare, smart, wild and greedy. Every time they face to face but no one could  make a winner. And then they making an agreement. 

“I am bored fighting every time” Sura said.
“so do I, what must we do so that we are not fighting?” the crocodile asked.
The Sura Shark had have a plan to stopping and make an explain.
“to avoid a contra, better we divide a hegemony zone with two place. My powerful in deep ocean and make sure I am eat in there, your powerful is on the land and your prey that live on there. We have a limited for divide a hegemony, it is a land and the sea which ups and downs as order.
“deal, I am agree” crocodile said.

With the two power place which has a limited, so the shark and the crocodile never fight against. both of them make a deal to respect each other.
But, one day, sura shark looking for prey in a river. He doing whisper so that the crocodile is unrealized. First the crocodile doesn’t know what shark was doing. But one day the crocodile found the shark. Of course he angry looked the shark was breaking the commitment. 

“Sura, why you collide the rule that which we dealing? Why you dare look into a river which it’s my authority?” the crocodile asking.
Sura who is not felt wrong that he do taken easy himself.
“I collide agreement ? the river is water, isn’t it? I told you that I am is the power in the water? a river is consist a water, so it’s include my authority to,” Sura said.
“What? A river is on the land place whereas your zone authority is in the sea, so the river is my power state!” the crocodile  angry.

“wait. I never say that in the water mean only in the sea, but it’s mean that not only in the sea but also in the river because a river is also a water. Sura said.
“You are looking for trouble, expressly, Sura?”
“No! I thing my reason is good and I really in the right hand!” Sura said.
“you purpose to deceive me. I am not stupid! Crocodile said, beginning angry.
“I don’t care about your brain. The important is the river and the sea are my authority!” Sura keep on his mind.

“you do lie to me? So the commitment is failure! Now we can fight against to proof who have a big power and have one place authority!” crocodile said.
“fight against, I am not afraid!” Sura opposite with proud. 

The battle beginning against. This time more appeal and terrify. both of them attack, pounce, bite and strike each other. In the flash time, blood spread surrounding them which water looks red from their body. They fighting desperately, no have rest merely.

Crocodile get a bite at the dais  her tail on the right. And then, a crocodile tile always move to the right. Meanwhile a sura tile get a bite to, then Sura back to the sea. The crocodile was satisfy keep his authority area.

The battle between a shark who the name is sura with crocodile is very interested in the heart Surabaya people. So that, Surabaya name always make contact with the tragedy and after that moment the tragedy is made a symbol which we say now Surabaya city, shark and the crocodile as the symbol.

In spite of another opinion if the Surabaya word  come from sura word and baya sura have mean victory or salvation, and baya come from danger word, so Surabaya have meaning “welcome to the grave”. The grve or danger have a meaning in the line from tar-tar army, they want to regulate the java king. Must be the punishment will given to the kartanegara, because kartanegara was died, he was killed. So jayakatwang to attack from tar-tar army, after make to conquer jayakatwang, tar-tar people rob all property and a hundred beauty girls to bring to tiongkok. But Raden Wijaya can’t sent if he did like this with a good ideal, Raden Wijaya attack the tar-tar army at ujung galuh harbour, until they are comeback to tiongkok.

Next, after raden wijaya won, on two moment, he was declaration that the day as the anniversary Surabaya city. Surabaya was supposing that to always howling. On the November 10 1945 is a proof  from Surabaya people fighting, face the dangerous from England and netherland attacked.
 
Nowday, fighting defend a water and land still keep on. In the rain weather flood spread to city. In the dry season, sometimes the land get dry. It’s Surabaya




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The Collector "A Novel By John Fowles"

Posted by ade nugraha on 12:41:00 AM 0 comments

THE COLLECTOR
A Novel By John Fowles

Mengupas Isi Novel 
(Halaman 150-200)

SINOPSIS

Pada 50 halaman ini, berisikan tentang usaha-usaha Miranda untuk meloloskan diri dari sekapan Clegg dan berisikan cerita-cerita masa lalunya Miranda.

Miranda mulai menganalisa psikologis Clegg, yang terkadanag bersikap seperti orang normal, terutama pada saat sedang duduk berdekatan.

Pada saat Miranda berpikiran untuk membuat terowongan disekitar pintu, dan ia pun mulai mengumpulkan alat-alat yang mungkin berguna untuk menggali terowongan yang sedang ia pikirkan, dari pecahan gelas, garpu, dan dua buah sendok teh yang terbuat dari aluminium untuk menghancurkan semen yang melapisi lantai tempatnya ia disekap. Dan akhirnya ia pun menemukan sebuah paku yang ia pikir berguna untuk rencananya.

Ternyata paku tersebut tidak berguna, karena tidak dapat menghancurkan semen tersebut, bahkan untuk melepaskan satu buah batu saja memakan waktu satu jam. Miranda pun mulai berpikir kalau ia tidak akan bisa lolos, dan pada akhirnya, Miranda memasang kembali batu tersebut ketempat awalnya dan mencoba merapikannya, membuatnya seolah-olah batu tersebut tak pernah terlepas dengan menggunakan bedak yang dicampur dengan semen. Akan tetapi ternyata Clegg menyadarinya, Miranda pun melemparkan paku tersebut kepada Clegg, lalu Clegg pun menyemen kembali batu yang sudah dirusak oleh Miranda sambil mengatakan kalau disekeliling tempat tersebut terdapat batu kapur yang keras dan sulit dihancurkan.
   
Miranda mulai melemparkan benda-benda disekitar tangga, lalu Clegg pun membuatnya berhenti melemparkan barang-barang.

Miranda belum menyerah, percobaannya yang kedua adalah dengan cara berpura-pura sakit, dan mengatakan kalau ia harus dibawa ke rumah sakit, lalu Clegg pun berlari keluar dengan meninggalkan pintu terbuka, pada saat itulah Miranda tak dapat menahan dirinya untuk kabur, akan tetapi pada saat Miranda membuka pintu untuk keluar rumah, Clegg ternyata sudah menantinya sembari memegang sebuah palu. Miranda pun berpaling dan berlari masuk ke ruangan tempatnya disekap. Hal ini disebabkan karena Clegg sudah tidak percaya lagi pada Miranda gara-gara percobaannya untuk kabur yang pertama.

Pada 50 halaman ini juga Clegg membacakan isi dari surat-surat yang dikirimkan oleh bibinya dari australia tentang bahagianya bibinya tinggal disana. Pada saat yang sama, Miranda merasa kalau dirinya seakan masih terjebak dengan masa lalunya, dia selalu teringat pada saat dirinya belum diculik oleh Clegg.



Konflik

Ada beberapa konflik yang terjadi pada bagian ini, antara lain :

Man Against Man

Pada saat G.P berdebat dengan Piers, mengenai perbedaan pandangan seni masing-masing. “…I Think you’re the smuggest young layabout I’ve met before.”

Miranda berpendapat kalau bibinya Clegg tidak memperlakukan Clegg dengan baik, dan hal itulah yang menjadi dasar psikologis Clegg. “…She made an absolute fool out of you.”

Saat Miranda marah-marah pada Clegg setelah Miranda melemparkan barang-barang yang ada di sekitar tangga. “…I lectured him. I told him all about himself.”

Man Against Himself

Saat Miranda tak bisa menahan dirinya untuk kabur pada saat Miranda berpikir Clegg akan membawanya ke rumah sakit. “…I couldn’t bear the suspense. I pulled the door and rushed out.”

Saat Miranda merasa cemburu dan kesal terhadap Antoinette, namun ia tetap harus mendengarkan apa yang akan dikatakan oleh Antoinette padanya. “…I forced myself to meet, to listen to Toinette.”

Saat Miranda kebingungan akan perasaannya terhadap G.P., dia sendiri meragukannya. “…All the time I kept. "

thinking, do I love him? Then, obviously, there wasso much doubt, I couldn’t.”

Man Against Environment

Saat Miranda mencoba membuat terowongan untuk dirinya kabur, ia melakukannya sampai tangannya terluka. “…I tried to force it with the nail, and managed to hurt my hand.”
 
Miranda membenci orang-orang yang G.P. juluki sebagai New People. “…I hate what G.P. calls the New People, the new class people with their cars and their money.”


Setting/Latar

Tempat :
England
Bunker : “…He bought me supper down here.”
Waktu :
Morning, Afternoon, Midnight.

Symbol dan Irony

Symbol
“…You’d be bloody bore if you weren’t so pretty.”

Verbal
Saat Miranda yang tak pernah berharap untuk jatuh cinta pada orang lebih tua. “…Two years ago I couldn’t have dreamed to falling in love with an older man.”

Irony Of Situation

Saat Miranda disekap oleh Clegg, ia tak bisa kabur dan menderita. Akan tetapi ia merasa senag saat Clegg pulang dan memberinya banyak hadiah. “…I shouldn’t but I like it when he comes in at lunchtime from wherever he goes. There are always parcels.”

Saat Miranda merasa kalau dirinya masih terjebak dimasa lalunya sendiri. “…But it seems a sort of magic, to be able to call my past back. And I just can’t live in this present.”

Dramatic

Saat Clegg membiarkan Miranda menang dalam permainan catur. “…He let me beat him. He wouldn’t admit it, but I am sure he did.”





Ditulis oleh : 


Ade Nugraha
Noviandi
Wendy Gustiawan

12 November 2008 














 
 


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